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What is Diabetes?

In order to treat diabetes, we need first to understand what diabetes is.

Diabetes mellitus, or simply diabetes, is a chronic metabolic disease that is manifested by high glucose levels in the blood. This condition usually occurs when the pancreas is no longer able to make insulin, or when the body cannot make good use of the insulin it produces. Insulin is a hormone made by the pancreas, that acts like a key to let glucosefrom the food we eat pass from the blood stream into the cells in the body to produce energy. All carbohydrate foods are broken down into glucose in the blood. Insulin helps glucose get into the cells.Not being able to produce insulin or use it effectively leads to raised glucose levels in the blood (known as hyperglycemia). Over the long-term high glucose levels are associated with damage to the body and failure of various organs and tissues.


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